Diversity, Super Diversity & Transnational Entrepreneurship related to Learning and Competence Development
22 - 23.11.2012, Roskilde University, Denmark
Nordic co-operation and Nordic Network for Adult Learning. Maria Marquard, NVL PDF
Economic Consequences of Migration in the Nordic Countries. Shahamak Rezaei, Roskilde University PDF
Presentation of IFS. Maroun Aoun, VD, IFS, Internationella Företagarföreningen i Sverige PDF
“Migration Corridors, Diasporas and Transnational Entrepreneurship”. Bengt Henoch, Professor Emeritus at Jönköping International Business School (JIBS) PDF
“Konsten at lära av det främmande i globaliserade läringsarenor.” Bosse Bergstedt, professor i pedagogik, Lunds universitet
Presentation (pdf) Oplæg (pdf)
“Thoughts about learning competence development and roles in transnational working groups.” Bent Henoch, Professor Emeritus at Jönköping International Business School (JIBS) PDF
”Future requirements and challenges especially regarding the labour market / Fremtidige krav og udfordringer især på arbejdsmarkedet.” Bent Greve, professor, Institut for Samfund og Globalisering, Roskilde Universitet PDF
New waves of immigration have added unprecedented demographic complexity to Western societies. The early post-war migration pattern of replacement labour from a clearly defined handful of sending countries has been overtaken by what we today call “super-diversity”. New wave migrants originate from dozens of locations throughout the globe and come in a myriad of legal, occupational and social guises, driven by a variety of motives. The presence of such groups has transformed the social landscape of Western societies.
Diversity is not what it used to be. Some twenty-thirty years of government policies, social service practices and public perceptions have been framed by a particular understanding of immigration and multicultural diversity. Policy frameworks and public understanding – and, indeed, many areas of social science – have not caught up with recently emergent demographic, economic and social patterns. Many European societies can now be characterised by ‘super-diversity’, (S.Vertovec, 2006, M. Ram. 2011) link, a notion intended to underline a level and kind of complexity surpassing anything the countries have previously experienced. Such a condition is distinguished by a dynamic interplay of variables among an increased number of new, small and scattered, multiple-origin, transnationally connected, socio-economically differentiated and legally stratified immigrants who have arrived over the last decade. The emerged global complexity has led to the emergence of Transnational Entrepreneurship (TE). The process of TE involves entrepreneurial activities that are carried out in a cross-national context and initiated by actors who are embedded in at least two different social and economic arenas. (Rezaei 2012)
Research, new knowledge and increased understanding are necessary to enhance and foster creative and innovative practices within policy, education and civil society. Acknowledgement of individual transnational competences and encouraging transnational diaspora entrepreneurship has an enormous potential for social transformation in both home and host countries. Yet the transnational entrepreneurs meet some specific obstacles and there is a need for information and education(Henoch 2012)
It emerged from the discussions at the network meeting, that the Nordic research on this subject is still at an early stage, and in some countries hardly existing, though there is data available. GEM - Global Entrepreneurship Monitoring, is a comprehensive system for collecting data. GEM is also represented in five Nordic/ Baltic countries, and provides data about how various people of various backgrounds acquire entrepreneurial training and competences (Schøtt 2012)
1. Eksisterende forskning
Sverige:Bengt HenochPPTS: “Tentative Overview of Research in Sweden. Innovation, Diversity & Transnational Entrepreneurship
Norge:Eli Moen, PPTS: “Diversity, Super-Diversity & Transnational Entrepreneurship”
Danmark:Shahamak Rezaei,Jan Vang, PPTS: “Innovation, Diversity, Super-Diversity, Transnational Entrepreneurship”
Finland: To be confirmed
Island: to be confirmed
Nordisk:Thomas Schøtt, GEM- Global Entrepreneurship Monitoring
2. Forskningsartikler mv.
Bengt Henoch: “Education and e-Learning supporting Transnational Diaspora Entrepreneurship”
Professor Bengt Henoch, Professor Leona Achtenhagen, PhD CandidateQuang Luong: Jönköping International Business School, Sweden, “The role of ICT in enhancing the socio-economic value creation of transnational diaspora entrepreneurship”. Chapter 8 in “Social e-Enterprise: Value Creation through ICT, A book edited by Dr.Teresa Torres-Coronasand Dr.María-Arántzazu Vidal-BlascoUniversitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain
Bengt Henoch, B.T. (2006) ‘An innovation framework for analysing and facilitating diasporas contribution to poverty reduction in developing countries’, World Review
Bengt Henoch, Application A study of an ICT-platform supporting diaspora entrepreneurship and enterprising targeting the countries of origin.
Bengt Henoch, “Research program on migration corridors and diasporas as a driver of development and wealth creation in both countries of origin and residence”.
Rezaei, Shahamak(2011) ‘Royal delicacies at peasant prices: cross-national differences, common grounds – towards an empirically supported theory of the informal economic activities of migrants’, World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.109–154.
Rezaei, Shahamak(2011) ‘Trust as a coopetititive strategy in a global co-ethnic market: towards an empirically supported theory’, Int. J. Business and Globalisation, Vol. 7, No. 3, .265–302.
Ribeiro, A., Rezaei,S.andDana, L-P. (2012) ‘Gender and family in transnational entrepreneurship’, Int. J. Business and Globalisation, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp.409–420.