In recent years, the Nordic countries have taken steps towards lifelong learning governance pursuant to systemic thinking. In Sweden, a strategic co-operation group has overall responsibility for this instead of individual ministries. Finland has experimented with applying a systemic approach to budgeting. In Iceland and Norway, legislation in part recognises the goal of lifelong learning, and the countries also have national lifelong learning co-ordinators.
A comparison of the lifelong learning structures of the Nordic countries indicates that the current governance of lifelong learning is largely based on measures that are specific to administrative sectors, even though some closer co-operation between administrative sectors can also be seen.
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