There are two established guidance and counseling systems in Finland, the functions and goals of which are mutually complementary:
• guidance and counseling provided by education and training institutions, and
• vocational guidance and career planning services, and educational and vocational information services, provided by employment administration.
The purpose of all guidance and counseling is to support individuals in making educational choices and career plans based on the principle of lifelong learning.
Everybody in Finland is entitled to guidance and counseling services regardless of whether they are studying, working, unemployed or outside the labor market. The public sector education and employment authorities and the education providers, normally municipalities, are the main actors responsible for guidance and counseling services. The division of duties between them is quite clear. Education and training institutions bear the main responsibility for guidance and counseling of pupils and students. The vocational guidance and career planning and educational and vocational information services available at employment offices are primarily intended for those outside education and training. All guidance and counseling services of employment offices, however, are also available for students.
Further Information: www.euroguidance.net/?page_id=4194
Both universities and vocational teacher education colleges offer guidance counselor training. It is possible to acquire a qualification in guidance counseling in multiform training, (60 credits). The admission requirement for the course in vocational teacher education colleges is a vocational teacher qualification and one year of work experience either from a vocational school or a polytechnic. Some universities offer different options to obtain the qualification of a guidance counselor, for example by completing a Master’s degree in guidance counseling. It is also possible to get a Master’s degree in guidance counseling by completing 60 credits of guidance counseling studies as your secondary subject. Vocational psychologists working at the Employment and Economical Development offices have a master´s degree in psychology and they usually complete also a specialization training organized by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy.
Further Information: www.euroguidance.net/?page_id=4195
är ett karriärvalsprogram för vuxna, och kan användas självständigt eller som grund för olika former av vägledningssamtal. Information enbart på finska.
Aikuisille suunnattu uravalintaohjelma.www.avosto.net/a-ura/
är ett yrkesvalsprogram. Det är avsett speciellt för dig som funderar på yrkes- och utbildningsvalet med grundskola eller gymnasium som grund. AVO erbjuder information som underlag för dina beslut och hjälper dig att finna lösningar som passar just dig.www.mol.fi/avo/svenska/
Educational Counsellor Raija Meriläinen from the Ministry of Education (left) together with Lecturer Karin Hirasawa, Stockholm Institute of Education.
Conference on Lifelong Guidance Policies and Systems: Building the Stepping Stones
Lifelong guidance policies in Europe were reviewed during the Finnish EU Presidency in the second half of 2006 within a European conference 6- 7.11.2006 Jyväskylä, Finland.
The conference in Finland had an agenda which was relevant both within and across education and employment sectors.