Paulo Freire was a Brazilian educator and philosopher during the last century. He becomes famous all over Europe because of his influential work about critical pedagogy. His publication „Pedagogy of the Oppressed“ is considered one of the foundational texts of the critical pedagogy movement. But in present time terms like „Oppressed“ and „Oppressors“ seem a little bit anachronistic. The question arises, if this way of thinking is still going necessary for a modern pedagogy. So what does he means with „Opresseds“ and „Oppressors“? Can we discover this people in modern pedagogical settings? Can we transfer the ideas of Paulo Freire into modern pedagogical concepts? Or is he at least only interesting for historical reason?